Comprehensive List of Rubber-Producing States in Nigeria (2023)

Comprehensive List of Rubber-Producing States

Rubber production has played a vital role in Nigeria’s economy for many decades. Nigeria is a global leader in rubber production with a rich history of rubber cultivation. The rubber industry in Nigeria is primarily concentrated in seven states, which collectively account for the majority of the country’s rubber output. In this article, we will explore all the states involved in rubber production in Nigeria and underscore the pivotal role of rubber production in the nation’s economy.

Rubber Production in Nigeria

The rubber production sector in Nigeria faces a series of challenges, including inadequate infrastructure, funding shortages, and outdated technology. Nevertheless, it continues to be a cornerstone of Nigeria’s economy. Rubber is cultivated across several states in the country, but the seven prominent rubber-producing states include Edo, Delta, Ondo, Abia, Akwa Ibom, Cross River, and Rivers.

Key Points

  • Nigeria ranks among the world’s top rubber-producing countries.
  • The seven rubber-producing states in Nigeria are Edo, Delta, Ondo, Ogun, Akwa Ibom, Abia, and Bayelsa.
  • Rubber production significantly contributes to Nigeria’s GDP, fosters employment opportunities, and generates foreign exchange earnings.

Complete Roster of Major Rubber-Producing States in Nigeria

These seven rubber-producing states in Nigeria are located in the southern region, benefiting from favorable climatic conditions, high humidity, abundant rainfall, and fertile soils conducive to rubber tree cultivation. The rubber industry in these states constitutes a vital revenue source, bolstering local economic development.

Here is a breakdown of rubber production in each of these states:

1. Edo State

Edo State takes the lead as Nigeria’s largest rubber producer, contributing over 30% of the country’s rubber output. Edo specializes primarily in natural rubber, essential for tire, footwear, and other rubber product manufacturing. Notable rubber producers in Edo State include Okomu Oil Palm Company and Presco Plc. The state’s favorable climate and well-drained soils make it an ideal location for rubber tree cultivation.

2. Delta State

Delta State stands as Nigeria’s second-largest rubber producer, accounting for approximately 20% of the nation’s rubber production. Like Edo, Delta specializes in natural rubber used in tire and rubber product manufacturing. Prominent rubber producers in Delta State include Rubber Estates Nigeria Limited and Risonpalm Nigeria Limited. Government support and investments have played a pivotal role in Delta State’s rubber farming growth.

3. Ondo State

Ondo State ranks third among Nigeria’s largest rubber-producing states, contributing around 15% of the nation’s rubber. Natural rubber, destined for tire and rubber product manufacturing, is the primary focus in Ondo State. Leading rubber producers in the state include Owena Rubber Estates and Oluwa Rubber Plantation. Ondo State has a longstanding tradition of rubber farming, passed down through generations, which has solidified its position in the rubber industry.

4. Abia State

Abia State holds the fourth spot among Nigeria’s rubber-producing states, providing approximately 10% of the country’s rubber. Abia specializes primarily in natural rubber, used in the production of tires, footwear, and various rubber goods. Major rubber producers in Abia State include Risonpalm Nigeria Limited and PZ Wilmar Limited. The state has embraced modern farming practices, enhancing rubber yield and quality.

5. Akwa Ibom State

Akwa Ibom State ranks fifth among Nigeria’s rubber producers, contributing around 5% of the nation’s rubber output. Akwa Ibom primarily produces natural rubber for tire and rubber product manufacturing. Key rubber-producing companies in Akwa Ibom State include Qua Iboe Plantations Limited and UAC of Nigeria PLC. Additionally, Akwa Ibom has invested in rubber processing facilities, further establishing its position as a key rubber-producing state.

6. Cross River State

Cross River State is the sixth-largest rubber-producing state in Nigeria, accounting for approximately 5% of the nation’s rubber. The state specializes in natural rubber for tire and rubber product manufacturing. Major rubber-producing companies in Cross River State include Ekuri Community Rubber Plantation and Okomu Oil Palm Company. Cross River State is gaining momentum in promoting rubber farming as an alternative to oil-based revenue sources.

7. Rivers State

Rivers State holds the seventh spot among Nigeria’s rubber producers, contributing around 5% of the nation’s rubber. The state primarily produces natural rubber for tire and rubber product manufacturing. Notable rubber-producing companies in Rivers State include Risonpalm Nigeria Limited and Rubber Estates Nigeria Limited. High-yield rubber farms in Rivers State, coupled with modern farming methods, have significantly contributed to Nigeria’s overall rubber production.

Economic Significance of Rubber Production in Nigeria

Rubber production is a significant driver of Nigeria’s economy. The industry generates revenue through rubber exports, provides employment opportunities for thousands of Nigerians, and supports smallholder farmers engaged in rubber cultivation. Rubber production plays a substantial role in Nigeria’s GDP and contributes to the country’s foreign exchange earnings.

Challenges Facing Rubber Production in Rubber-Producing States

The rubber production sector in Nigeria grapples with several challenges that hinder its growth and development. These challenges include:

1. Inadequate Funding: Rubber production necessitates substantial investment in infrastructure, research, and development. However, inadequate funding often limits the industry’s expansion and development.

2. Poor Infrastructure: Inadequate infrastructure in rubber-producing states hampers the transportation of rubber to the market. Poor road networks and insufficient storage facilities result in rubber loss, impacting revenue adversely.

3. High Cost of Production: The high cost of production, including inputs such as fertilizer, labor, and machinery, poses a significant challenge to rubber farmers, making it challenging to turn a profit.

4. Lack of Modern Technology: Outdated equipment and methods in rubber production contribute to low productivity and increased production costs.

The Way Forward for Rubber Production in Rubber-Producing States

To enhance rubber production in Nigeria, concerted efforts from the government, private sector, and other stakeholders are required to address these challenges. The following measures can be taken to improve rubber production in Nigeria:

  • Increase funding for rubber production to support research and development, enhance infrastructure, and assist smallholder farmers.
  • Improve infrastructure in rubber-producing states to facilitate transportation to markets and minimize post-harvest losses.
  • Introduce modern technology and techniques to boost productivity and reduce production costs.
  • Provide training and support to smallholder farmers to enhance their knowledge and skills in rubber cultivation.

Personal Story: The Impact of Rubber Production on a Local Community

I have personal ties to rubber production, having grown up in a small village located in one of Nigeria’s rubber-producing states. My family, like many others in our village, depended on rubber production as our primary source of income. My father owned a modest rubber plantation, and I have vivid memories of spending weekends helping him tap the rubber trees and collect the latex.

Rubber production had a profound and positive impact on our community. It provided employment opportunities for many who would otherwise have been unemployed. It also attracted businesses and support services to the area. Our village boasted a small market where rubber farmers could sell their produce, and we had a cooperative society that offered loans to farmers, enabling them to expand their plantations.

Nevertheless, our community faced its share of challenges in rubber production. The absence of modern technology was a significant hurdle. The manual tapping and latex collection processes were time-consuming and labor-intensive, hindering farmers from increasing yields and income.

Another challenge was the state of our area’s roads, often impassable during the rainy season. This made it difficult for farmers to transport their rubber to market, resulting in many having to sell their rubber at lower prices to local middlemen who could manage the transportation to urban centers.

Despite these challenges, rubber production remained a cornerstone of our community’s economy. I take pride in being part of a community that contributed to Nigeria’s rubber production industry. I earnestly hope that measures will be taken to enhance the industry, ensuring that it continues to offer employment opportunities and contribute to Nigeria’s economy.


Rubber production plays a pivotal role in Nigeria’s economy, with the seven prominent rubber-producing states being integral to its growth and development. Despite the challenges facing the industry, concerted efforts from the government, private sector, and other stakeholders can significantly improve rubber production in Nigeria. Through increased funding, enhanced infrastructure, the adoption of modern technology, and support for smallholder farmers, Nigeria can maximize its potential as a leading rubber producer.

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